SDG 16 Indicators Framework


Explore the data:
Code Target Framework (Click) Units National Baseline Data Source Reporting Agency Implementation Responsibility National Yearly Ranking Independent Ranking Reform Needs
16.5

Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms

Pakistan is the 117 least corrupt nation out of 175 countries, according to the 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

16.5.1

Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months

% - Survey Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Target improvement responsibility is with government departments and their relevant ministries.

This is a tier 2 indicator and UNODC is the custodian agency. Indicator is based on victimisation surveys (VS) and for which a relevant survey programme needs to be developed. Corruption Rank in Pakistan averaged 108.68 from 1995 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 144 in 2005 and a record low of 39 in 1995.

16.5.2

Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months

% - Survey Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

Target improvement responsibility is with government departments and their relevant ministries.

This is a tier 1 indicator and World Bank and UNODC are the custodian agency. Indicator is based on victimisation surveys (VS) and for which a relevant survey programme needs to be developed. It could be a dedicated victimisation survey or a special module in another household survey; a VS is not necessary every year but preferably with a fixed periodicity.